Every woman is familiar with the uncomfortable symptoms that come every month with a period. Sometimes, they’re mild with light blood flow and minimal or no discomfort, but at other times, they send you to bed for a day or two. But if severe menstrual cramps are more common than not, there’s a chance you have a more serious underlying condition like uterine fibroids or adenomyosis. For a solid diagnosis and severe menstrual cramp relief, call an expert in the field at Downtown Vein and Vascular Center in Brooklyn.
When Are Menstrual Cramps Considered Severe?
Menstrual cramps are one of the most common attributes of female periods and can normally be treated with over-the-counter medicine, such as Ibuprofen. When the pain doesn’t subside or even increases over time, consult a top rated fibroids doctor for severe menstrual cramp relief before you suffer from even more serious consequences.
Severe cramping is usually described as throbbing intense pain in your abdomen, which may be accompanied by heavy bleeding. Intense cramps can begin one to three days before your period begins, causing a longer state of discomfort. If your cramps are severe enough to keep you from your everyday routine and miss work or other important events, it may be a sign that you have uterine fibroids or adenomyosis, another treatable condition.
In New York City, the best vein and fibroids doctor is at the Downtown Vein and Fibroids Center. This state-of-the-art practice is located in Downtown Brooklyn, where it serves all the neighborhoods of Brooklyn, as well as greater New York City.
What Causes Severe Menstrual Cramps?
Small hormone-like substances called prostaglandins cause inflammation and pain within your uterus. High levels of prostaglandins can cause severe menstrual cramps and heavy bleeding. Uterine fibroids often are the instigator of high prostaglandin levels. Other conditions — such as endometriosis, adenomyosis and pelvic inflammatory disease — can also lead to extreme cramping.
When your uterus contracts during menstruation, the inner lining sheds. Normal cramps are common and expected among most women, but when the pain begins to affect your quality of life, it’s time to consult your NYC doctor to diagnose the issue. Excessive pain that disrupts your daily routine may be caused by conditions that include:
- Fibroid development may be a genetic trait, leading to painful periods.
- Ovarian cysts. Fluid filled sacs located on the inside or outside of your ovaries can sometimes cause extreme abdominal pain.
- Early puberty. When your body starts to mature at a very young age, hormone production may skyrocket quickly to higher levels, causing inflammation and excessive pain in a younger
- Endometriosis is a condition where cells that are similar to those in the lining of the uterus begin to grow outside of it. This causes painful periods and excessive menstrual bleeding.
- Uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that form when there is an excess of certain These masses often cause pelvic cramping.
- This condition appears when uterine tissue grows into the muscular wall of your uterus.
Dr. Sobolevsky’s vein treatment gave me impressive results. The procedure was painless and the recovery time was minimal. I’m grateful for his expertise and would highly recommend him to anyone seeking vein treatment.
Why Do Fibroids Cause Severe Menstrual Cramps?
In some cases, fibroids may cause little to no symptoms and go undetected. When fibroids begin to grow larger in size or multiple fibroids cluster together, they may cause cramps. Fibroids increase the surface area of the uterine lining, causing heavier bleeding and pain during your period.
Symptomatic fibroid pain can show up in multiple different areas, including your abdomen, lower back, pelvis and legs. Other common conditions associated with fibroids in addition to fibroids pain and severe cramps include:
- Weight gain. Your uterus usually increases in size and weight, and the clusters of fibroids become heavier over time, although this is usually a minor weight gain.
- Pain during sex. The pressure fibroids apply on your uterus, as well as the pressure from intercourse, can cause pain during and after sex.
- Frequent urination. This occurs as a result of an enlarged uterus and increased pressure from the uterus on your nearby bladder.
- Pelvic pain. This may happen at any time but especially during your
- Infertility. Fibroids lead to miscarriages when the non-cancerous tumors attach to the endometrial lining and keep the fertilized egg and later an embryo from maintaining its viability.
What Treatments Are Available for Severe Menstrual Cramps?
While treatment depends on the cause of your pain, the earlier you get treated, the better. For most women suffering from this type of cramping, over-the-counter medicines fail to lighten the pain. If your cramping is due to fibroids or another condition, different medications are available to lower the level of prostaglandin production. If you’re experiencing severe menstrual cramps, heavy bleeding or pelvic pain, options for severe menstrual cramp relief include:
- Your doctor may prescribe non-steroidal painkillers if your cramps have developed into severe pain that disrupts your everyday life.
- Hormonal birth control. Oral hormonal birth control supplies hormones that affect ovulation and significantly reduce painful cramps or eliminate them all together. Many women choose to take birth control for the sole purpose of alleviating many symptoms associated with a painful period.
- Uterine fibroid removal. If your menstrual cramps are caused by fibroids, uterine fibroid embolization is a non-surgical procedure that shrinks fibroids to decrease the severity of cramping during your period.
- Myomectomy and hysterectomy. These procedures are types of major surgery aimed at removing fibroids for severe menstrual cramp relief. A hysterectomy is a procedure to remove your entire uterus, which leads to permanent infertility and a guarantee that you won’t get fibroids anymore. A myomectomy removes just the fibroids leaving the uterus in the pelvis.
Sergei Sobolevsky, MD, is a leading specialist in endovascular medicine with experience in vascular and interventional radiology. Dr. Sobolevsky has decades of experience in the field, with over 25,000 procedures performed, accumulating extensive experience in image-guided minimally invasive medicine, diagnosing and treating a range of conditions.
Dr. Sobolevsky earned his Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree in 1997 from the University of Colorado School of Medicine. He received his specialty clinical training in vascular and interventional radiology at Harvard University. Later, he earned his MBA from the MIT Sloan School of Management. Recognized as a Castle Connolly Top Doctor and named to the Top Doctors New York Metro Area in 2020, 2021, and 2022, Dr. Sobolevsky is licensed in multiple states, has delivered presentations at numerous institutions in the US and abroad, and now acts as a clinical advisor for the biomedical industry. He also held multiple positions in the field during his career, including Chief of Vascular and Interventional Radiology at the Columbia University Medical Center in New York, NY, Senior Vice President in Clinical and Regulatory Affairs at Artann Laboratories in North Brunswick, NJ, and Medical Director at the American Endovascular and Amputation Prevention Center in Brooklyn.More About Dr. Sobolevsky
Downtown Vein Treatment Center
480 Court Street, Ste 101
Brooklyn, NY 11231